Big Bird is the main protagonist of the children's television show . Officially performed by since 1969, he is an eight-foot two-inch (249 cm) tall bright yellow . He can , , , , , write , , and even ride a . Despite this wide array of talents, he is prone to frequent misunderstandings, on one occasion even singing the as one big long word (from the song called "," pronounced /æbkədefgi:dʒekəlmɪnɒpkɔ:rstu:vwɪksɪz/), pondering what it could mean. He lives in a large behind the brownstone and right next to 's and he has a teddy bear named Radar.

Performing Big Bird

As Caroll Spinney has aged, the show has gradually started training new performers to play Big Bird. These apprentices include both in the opening theme song of the show's 33rd season, and in the show's "Journey to Ernie" segment.

Caroll Spinney was sick during the taping of a few first-season episodes, so Daniel Seagren performed Big Bird in those episodes. He also performed Big Bird when he appeared on in 1969 and on in the 1970s. According to The Story of Jim Henson by Stephanie St. Pierre, the costume was built for to perform, but when Henson tried it on, , who had built the costume, did not think that Henson was walking like a bird is supposed to walk, and so Henson decided not to perform Big Bird. was offered the part, but since he hated performing full-body characters, he turned down the job.

Director Jon Stone, in the 1994 documentary The World of Jim Henson, revealed that the Big Bird costume actually did not have any openings that would allow the actor to see; a small television was strapped to the actor's chest to allow him to navigate. The camera was set up for Spinney by technician Walt Rauffer, on the suggestion of director Bob Myhrum. Rauffer rigged the camera to a harness strapped to Spinney's chest; Spinney reported that they called the camera "the electronic bra".

During instances where Spinney (or to a lesser extent, ) is performing on location and cannot get a video feed, a small hole is made in the costume to allow him to see. In such cases, Big Bird must wear a to cover the hole. This can also be seen in the shows. Likewise, during instances where Big Bird and (both performed by Spinney) are to be in a scene together, operates Oscar unless Matt Vogel is operating Big Bird, in which cases Oscar is performed by Spinney as usual.

As of 2016, due to being diagnosed with , Spinney no longer puppeteers the bird suit full-time. performs the bird suit on-set the majority of the time, with Spinney looping the dialogue later or having Vogel do the voice himself. Vogel continues to perform Big Bird (voice and puppetry) in live appearances, guest appearances on , and will be voicing Big Bird in new material for Season 48 of Sesame Street.

Costume and portrayal

Big Bird was originally designed by a drawing from and built by in 1969. The Big Bird performer is completely enclosed within the costume, and extends his right hand over his head to operate the head and neck of the puppet. The Muppeteer's left hand serves as the Bird's left wing, while the right wing is stuffed and hangs loosely from a fishing line that runs through a loop under the neck and attaches to the wrist of the left hand. The right hand thus does the opposite of the left hand: as the left hand goes down, the right hand is pulled up by the fishing line. For some of the Journey to Ernie segments, a second puppeteer (usually Jim Martin) controls Big Bird's right wing. He is concealed by dressing in a body suit the same color as their background (something that obviously cannot be done on the main Sesame Street set). Big Bird's body suit weighs ten pounds, and his head weighs four pounds. According to writer Louise Gikow, the heat inside the suit is "unbearable, and it's extraordinarily difficult to hold Big Bird's head."

Big Bird doesn't look the same in some international versions of Sesame Street. For example, in the version, Big Bird is blue and is called Pino.

Big Bird's appearance has changed over the years, as has his personality. He originally had very few feathers on top of his head; his body feathers were also more shaggy and unkempt, and his body was not as rounded and full as it is now. His personality was more dopey and "bird-brained" than it later became. He gradually got more feathers on top, giving his head a more rounded appearance, and developed a blaze-like crest of lighter yellow feathers above his eyes. His body got fluffier, rounder and more well groomed as well. His personality developed over time from being a dim, slow-witted character into the childlike innocence he is known for today. Although all the Sesame Street Muppet characters are technically ageless, Big Bird is psychologically written to represent a six-year-old.

The costume is partially assembled by company American & Fancy Feather, using the tail feathers from ; as the feathers are rarely clean, company owner Anthony Trento calls the Big Bird costume his "toughest customer". is said to reject roughly 90 percent of all the feathers selected for use on the costume.

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